Is It True That Python With Math Libraries Is Superior To Matlab?


Comes with a large set of built-in functions and constants. Basically a library that has matrix, graphing, trig, exponential functions, etc. All the math problems I do are in relation to nonlinear ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations, if that helps someone point me in a good direction. Matlab is faster by far – when you vectorize your code. It’s linear algebra is top of the line, and numerics is much more advanced. In terms of speed, I don’t think you can necessarily say “Python is faster than Matlab” or vice-versa. Well written vectorised Matlab code will be faster than poorly written Python code, well written, vectorised Python code is going to be faster than poorly written Matlab.

Python With Math Libraries

De facto standard for matrix/tensor operations in Python. When working with scalar values, math module functions can be faster than their NumPy counterparts.

Natural Exponential FunctionThis function is used in many real-life situations. You may have heard of the term exponential growth, which is often used in relation to human population growth or rates of radioactive decay.

Python Examples

Match the following print statements with the appropriate library calls. Create an alias for a library module when importing it to shorten programs.

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  • There are several Python libraries for this purpose.
  • It is an extension of PETSc and can be used for linear eigenvalue problems in either standard or generalized form, with real or complex arithmetic.
  • Modules and packages are similar to what are more generally called libraries in programming languages, which again contain code related to a specific task such as mathematical operations.
  • Now it’s time to start applying what you learned to real-life situations.
  • The math module is a standard module in Python and is always available.

A built-in function called sum() lets you calculate the sum of iterables as well, but fsum() is more accurate than sum(). The Python math module has many useful functions for mathematical calculations, and this article only covered a few of them in depth. In this section, you will briefly learn about some of the other important functions available in the math module. You can use the natural log in the same way that you use the exponential function. It’s used to calculate values such as the rate of population growth or the rate of radioactive decay in elements. NumPy targets the CPython reference implementation of Python, which is a non-optimizing bytecode compiler/interpreter.

The Python Math Module: Everything You Need To Know

Matlab encourages a lot of bad habits that are hard for people to unlearn. The following two functions are called representation functions. The ceil() function approximates the given number to the smallest integer, greater than or equal to the given floating point number.

As a result, any algorithm that can be expressed as a sequence of operations on arrays and implemented using NumPy works as fast as the equivalent code executed in MATLAB. In early 2005, programmer and data scientist Travis Oliphant wanted to unite the community around one project and created the NumPy library to replace the Numeric and NumArray libraries. The Numeric code was rewritten to be easier to maintain, and new features could be added to the library. Also, the very important values infinity and “not a number” are defined in this section of the Python library. Converting degrees to radians and vice versa is a fairly common function and therefore the developers have taken these actions to the Python library.

General Exponential FunctionHere a can be any constant, and x, which is the power value, becomes the variable. Power FunctionIn the formula above, the value of the base x is raised to the power of n.

Python Math Module

The math.log10() method returns the base-10 logarithm of the given number. Netlib is a repository of scientific computing software which contains a large number of separate programs and libraries including BLAS, EISPACK, LAPACK and others.

Special Functions

ADiPy is a fast, pure-python automatic differentiation library. Statsmodels is a Python module that allows users to explore data, estimate statistical models, and perform statistical tests. An extensive list of descriptive statistics, statistical tests, plotting functions, and result statistics are available for different types of data and each estimator.

Log2() is used to calculate the log value to the base 2. As you can see, you can’t input a negative value to log(). This is because log values are undefined for negative numbers and zero.


The functions of the Python math module aren’t equipped to handle complex numbers. However, Python provides a different module that can specifically deal with complex numbers, the cmath module.

What Is Math Module In Python?

Math module provides built-in functions to find such values and even to change the values between degrees and radians. The special functions section is responsible for error handling and gamma functions. This is a necessary function and it was decided to implement it in the standard Python mathematical library. The power and logarithmic functions section are responsible for exponential calculations, which is important in many areas of mathematics, engineering, and statistics. These functions can work with both natural logarithmic and exponential functions, logarithms modulo two, and arbitrary bases.

Except for fsum() and prod(), the math module functions can’t handle arrays. You can use math.pi to calculate the area and the circumference of a circle. The Python math module is an important feature designed to deal with mathematical operations. It comes packaged with the standard Python release and has been there from the beginning. Most of the math module’s functions are thin wrappers around the C platform’s mathematical functions.

Home » Python Programming » Python Reference » How To Find Gcd Or Hcf In Python Using Gcd Function

One of the most prominent libraries is Numerical Python, or NumPy. It is mainly used in scientific computing and in data science fields. Unlike the math module, which is part of the standard Python release, you have to install NumPy in order to work with it. Python math module is defined as the most famous mathematical functions, which includes trigonometric functions, representation functions, logarithmic functions, etc. Furthermore, it also defines two mathematical constants, i.e., Pie and Euler number, etc. You don’t have to implement your own functions to calculate GCD. The Python math module provides a function called math.gcd() that allows you to calculate the GCD of two numbers.

NumPy has a subset of functions, similar to math module functions, that deal with mathematical calculations. Both NumPy and math provide functions that deal with trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, hyperbolic and arithmetic calculations. Several notable Python libraries can be used for mathematical calculations.